National Education Policy(NEP) 2020 was announced with an aim to bring transformational reforms in school and higher education education. NEP 2020 will replace NEP 1986, a 34-year-old policy. It took 5 years to complete this process.
Who Leads This Reform?
Dr. K. Kasturiranjan, an eminent scientist leading the NEP drafting committee. And, with over 2 lakh suggestions from 676 districts, this policy has been designed.
Main Points to Focus
The new education policy is designed to add practicality and vision in students from elementary level to higher education. It touched all the streams and every aspect of the pre-existing policy. Though it will take a long walk to achieve its goal, it is highly appreciated by educationists.
Some key points in this policy are:
- The existing school education system of 10+2 will be replaced by a 5+3+3+4 structure.
- A new and comprehensive National Curriculum Framework for Teacher Education, NCFTE 2021 will be designed to reduce. It aimed to reduce the heavy burden of the syllabus. And, added the think-to-learn activities in course work for the holistic improvement of a child.
- The new education policy will add 2 crore children through the open schooling system.
- The exam pattern of the school’s education pattern will be a semester system, 2 times exams in a year.
- UGC and AICTE will be merged.
- By the year 2035, 3.5 crore seats will be added to the higher education system.
- To foster the research culture, and adding research capacity in the nation The National Research Foundation will be created.
- Higher Education Commission of India(HECI) will be set up as a single overarching umbrella body for entire higher education, excluding medical and legal education. HECI to have four independent verticals – (NHERC) for regulation, General Education Council (GEC ) for standard-setting, Higher Education Grants Council (HEGC) for funding, and National Accreditation Council( NAC) for accreditation. Public and private higher education institutions will be governed by the same set of norms for regulation, accreditation, and academic standards.